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When To Harvest Poblano Peppers

Poblanos deliver just the proper amount of zest to give meals a mildly spicy kick without being overbearing, much like other chilis such as cayenne, serrano, and habanero peppers. We generally plant bell peppers, jalapeno’s, and banana peppers, but the poblano pepper plants make a terrific addition to the popular peppers you can grow.

Chiles Rellenos are a popular dish made with powdered poblano peppers and dried peppers (ancho chiles). Luckily, growing peppers isn’t too much of a challenge.

In our guide, you can learn more about when the poblano plant peppers will be ripe. By the end, you’ll know more about these and other chili peppers, the plant care when growing poblano peppers, and when are poblanos ready to pick.

When To Harvest Poblano Peppers

What Is Poblano Pepper?

Dark green color poblanos are produced by plants known as poblano pepper plants (Capsicum annuum), and as they ripen, the green peppers turn into red poblanos. The yellow or orange poblano peppers take on a deep, rich color similar to the green poblanos when they are fully ripe.

Their name derives from the Mexican state of Puebla, where humans first cultivated and grew these plants, and are a mainstay of Mexican dishes. Potassium, vitamin A, and vitamin C are all components of the peppers’ nutritional profile. (Read What Fruits Don’t Have Seeds)

How Hot Are Poblano Bell Peppers?

Poblanos fall between those levels on the Scoville scale, which evaluates pepper heat from 1,000 to 2,000 Scoville heat units (SHU). A fully mature poblano pepper mild heat is slightly hotter than an Anaheim, bell, or banana pepper. Still, it doesn’t taste as spicy as other chile pepper alternatives like serrano or jalapeño peppers.

Compare this to other typical pepper types used in Mexican cuisine, like cayenne and chile peppers You will find these rank between 30,000 and 50,000, jalapeno peppers, which rank between 3,000 and 8,000, and habaneros, which rank above 80,000 of the same units.

growing poblano pepper

Growing Poblano Pepper Plant Tips

Poblano pepper plants are not difficult to cultivate, provided certain conditions are met. Take care of these peppers and learn how to grow them by following these seven tips:

1. Add organic matter:

During the growing season, you should lay mulch around the area where your poblano plants are growing to discourage weeds and encourage healthy vegetable development. After the plants have been in the soil for a month and a half, organic fertilizer should be applied.

2. Protect from pests:

Various pests, including aphids, cutworms, and hornworms, regularly plague poblano pepper plants. Keep an eye out for these insect predators, and if they start to feed on your plants, apply a pesticide as soon as possible.

3. Peppers require exposure to light:

This particular method of growing peppers demands an extremely high amount of exposure to direct sunshine. They will not survive without heat and light, so if you are growing them inside, ensure that the windows are open or plant them in a position in your yard that gets a lot of direct sunlight.

4. Picking Poblano Peppers as they grow:

Because you can pick poblano peppers while they are still in the growing stage, you won’t need to guess when they are ready to be harvested.

The poblano plant will keep growing poblano peppers even after they have been picked. When harvesting poblano peppers from plants, it is essential to remember that it is not prudent to pick the entire crop.

5. Maintain moist soil:

It would help if you made sure the soil is adequately moist for your plants, but you don’t want to drown the environment around them. You should only water them if the soil around them appears to be getting too dry; otherwise, you should just let them enjoy the natural moisture in the ground. (Learn How To Clean Leaves From Rocks)

6. Keep an eye on the weather:

Planting poblano pepper seeds should be done at least two to three months before the last frost date of the season. This is because poblano pepper seeds are not very hardy. In an ideal world, the temperature shouldn’t drop sixty degrees Fahrenheit below during the night.

harvesting poblano pepper

Harvesting Poblano Pepper Plants

You must be mistaken if you think that the only location to find fresh poblano peppers is at the grocery stores. Poblano plants are simple to grow in your backyard garden, just like many other peppers.

When to Pick Poblano Peppers?

You choose to grow your poblano or ancho peppers, but you’re not sure when they’ll be ready to harvest.

Work out here when you can pick poblano peppers.

The poblano pepper plant (Capsicum annuum var. annuum “Poblano”) are hot chili peppers with numerous hybrid and heirloom varieties, yet these hot peppers only provide mild heat.

Poblano seeds take two weeks to germinate when you grow peppers, and peppers are ready once they start producing fruit at around 65 days of their growing season.

The steps for growing a hot pepper are as follows:

1. Growing:

You can grow most peppers by planting seeds. Start seeds indoors early and transplant them to your garden using the procedures provided below.

  1. Ten weeks before the final frost, put poblano seeds indoors in starting trays or pots.
  2. Place the pepper seeds in a warm, sunny location after planting them in the potting soil 1/4 inch deep.
  3. Lightly mist them with water.
  4. When the red poblano peppers seedlings are five to six inches tall, harden them off outside for a week or two before planting them in the garden.
  5. Before planting, wait until the warm soil is between 60 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit.
  6. Choose a location with direct sunlight, rich, well-draining soil, and pepper plants since they require direct sunlight to thrive.
  7. Place the pepper plants 12 to 24 inches apart, and water the area immediately to make the soil moist.
  8. Add a layer of organic mulch to maintain adequate soil moisture in the soil.

2. Poblano Pepper Plant Care

When you grow poblano peppers, you need to ensure they receive the proper care.

  • Six weeks after relocating your green poblano peppers outside, fertilize them with a water-soluble fertilizer.
  • To keep the earth moist but not soggy, give the young plants an inch of water every week or as needed.
  • Keep an eye out for aphids and cutworms in your garden. Take them out by hand and, if required, use insecticidal soap if you find them moving.

3. When Do I Pick Poblano Peppers?

Knowing when you are close to harvesting poblano peppers might be exciting.

So, now that you know when to harvest poblano peppers, you can also see how many peppers you can expect to harvest when you do.

  1. When poblano peppers are ready for picking, the most straightforward approach is to check their size and color.
  2. You’ll discover poblano peppers ready when about four to six inches long, a rich, deep green color with a glossy shine.
  3. Poblano peppers should be collected while they are red for a hotter and tastier pepper.
  4. Using a good set of gardening shears, remove the stems from the main plant and harvest the peppers.

4. Storing Poblano Peppers

Now that you’re on your way to harvesting poblano peppers by the bucket full. It’s a good idea to learn how to store poblano peppers.

Here are some suggestions for preserving peppers effectively and indefinitely so that none of them go bad.

The refrigerator is ideal for storing fresh poblano peppers if you plan to eat them shortly.

Whole, unwashed peppers should be stored in the refrigerator’s crisper drawer for seven to ten days.

Roasted and peeled peppers should be stored in a closed container for a few days.

Peppers can be washed and frozen into manageable size pieces before freezing for longer storage if you have more peppers than you can eat.

They must be placed in the freezer for a few hours in a single layer to flash freeze. The frozen poblanos should be placed in a freezer bag for up to eight months. (Read Can Rabbits Eat Bell Peppers)

storing poblano

Storage of Poblano Peppers

Now that you know when to harvest poblano peppers so that they are at the ideal stage of ripeness, it is a good idea to become familiar with the proper storage techniques.

So that none of your peppers go to waste, here are a few different ways to extend their shelf term and keep them tasting as fresh as the day you bought them.

Poblano Pepper Storage

  • Fresh poblanos
  • Storage container
  • Baking sheet
  • Freezer bags

If you are going to consume fresh poblano peppers in a short amount of time, the refrigerator is the ideal place to keep them stored.

Keep whole peppers that have not been washed in the refrigerator’s crisper drawer for seven to ten days, and store roasted peppers that have been peeled in an airtight container for a few days at a time.

After washing and cutting the peppers into the necessary portions, you can freeze them for longer-term storage.

They should be flash-frozen for a few hours on a baking sheet, where they should be spread out in a layer and then placed in the freezer.

Poblanos can be kept in the freezer for up to eight months after being transferred to a freezer bag and then placed back in the freezer.

Poblano Pepper Recipe Ideas

Poblano peppers can be used in many dishes if you grow a plant and harvesting poblano peppers and are stuck on how to use them.

Consider these three straightforward poblano pepper dish suggestions:

1. Mole Sauce:

There are several variations of this thick, fiery Mexican sauce recipe. For instance, guacamole is a mole sauce made with avocado.

If the sauce is designated as mole poblano, you may be sure that these grilled peppers are its primary ingredient and make it much tastier than you get in grocery stores.

2. Chiles Rellenos:

Stuffed poblanos are widely used as the foundation for Chile Rellenos meals.

The inherent flavor and spiciness of the plants can be complemented and balanced by adding cream cheese, pork, and other zingy dishes to these peppers.

3. Dried Ancho Chiles:

When dried, ripened red peppers develop into ancho peppers. These dried ancho peppers are both a delicious snack and a useful addition to powdered chili powder.

Here you can see the quick way to make Poblano Peppers stuffed cream cheese.

Along with the typical poblano pepper meals, such as Chile Rellenos, Puebla, Mexico is another delectable cuisine’s birthplace.

In this case, you roast them and stuff them with cream cheese.


  • 4 poblano peppers
  • 4 oz cream cheese, softened
  • 1/4 cup shredded cheddar cheese
  • 1/4 cup diced red onion
  • 1/4 cup chopped bell pepper
  • 2 cloves garlic, minced
  • 1 tsp cumin
  • 1 tsp chili powder
  • Salt and pepper, to taste
  • Sour cream or hot sauce (for dipping)

Cooking Directions:

  1. Heat your grill to a moderately hot setting.
  2. Remove the seeds and membranes from poblano peppers by cutting them in half lengthwise.
  3. In a small bowl, combine the cream cheese, cheddar cheese, bell pepper, red onion, garlic, cumin, chili powder, salt, and pepper.
  4. Fill the poblano pepper halves with the mixture.
  5. Grill the stuffed peppers over medium-high heat for 10 to 12 minutes or until the filling is hot and the peppers are tender.
  6. Serve stuffed peppers with sour cream and chili pepper spicy sauce on the side for dipping.

roasted peppers

Roasted Peppers

Cornbread made with roasted poblanos is delicious, as is a sandwich made with cheese and black beans. Even fresh poblano pepper can be muddled into your margarita.

Before combining the dried peppers with other ingredients to make a sauce, such as mayonnaise, olive oil, or even cashew cream, think about reconstituting the dry peppers in hot water.

Naturally, you can make typical Mexican meals like chiles Rellenos and chiles en Nogada with poblanos.

When To Harvest Poblano Peppers (2)